Revitalize Your Clients with Jung's Cognitive Processes
by Judy Robb, Linda Berens


Looking for some new information to revitalize the work that you have already done with personality type? Jung's Cognitive Processes could be your answer!

In this article:

  • Jung's Cognitive Processes - What Are They?
  • The Eight Cognitive Processes Described
  • Products for Using Jung's Cognitive Processes with Clients
  • Other Articles of Interest

1) Jung's Cognitive Processes - What Are They?*

Adapted from Dynamics of Personality Type (Telos Publications, 2000) *Used with permission.

In the 1920s, the idea of personality type was being explored by leading scientists and philosophers. A Swiss psychiatrist, Carl Jung, wrote Psychological Types during that time, in which he gave a detailed description of what has now become one of the most widely used typologies in the world. His theory of psychological type has sparked more than one personality inventory and an international membership organization of professionals and lay people alike devoted to deepening their understanding of typology and its competent and ethical use.

The eight cognitive processes are the foundation for psychological type instruments. Each of the sixteen type patterns has a distinct pattern of cognitive process and development. Knowing an individual's innate tendency to use these processes can help release creative blocks and generate more effective communication.

2) The Eight Cognitive Processes Described*

Adapted from Dynamics of Personality Type (Telos Publications, 2000) *Used with permission.

Extraverted Sensing - (Se) - EXPERIENCING

Experiencing and acting on the physical world, scanning for visible reactions and relevant data.

  • What is really happening?
  • What are the facts of the situation?
  • What can I do with this now?

Introverted Sensing - (Si) - RECALLING

Recalling past experiences, clarifying information, remembering detailed data and what it is linked to.

  • What have I already learned that I can build on?
  • What resources and materials are available?
  • What practical use does this have?

Extraverted iNtuiting - (Ne) - INFERRING

Inferring relationships, noticing threads of meaning, and scanning for what could be.

  • What inferences can I make?
  • What meanings am I perceiving?
  • What hypotheses can I generate?

Introverted iNtuiting - (Ni) - FORESEEING

Foreseeing implications, conceptualizing, and having images of the future or profound meaning.

  • What are the implications for the future?
  • What are the concepts?
  • What is the greater purpose?

Extraverted Thinking - (Te) - ORGANIZING

Organizing, segmenting, sorting, and applying logic and criteria

  • How can I structure and organize my learning?
  • What is the sequence and arrangement of what I am learning?
  • What is the logic behind what I am learning?

Introverted Thinking - (Ti) - ANALYZING

Analyzing, categorizing, and figuring out how something works

  • What principles do I need to learn?
  • What models can I fit the learning into?
  • What techniques or approaches can I apply?

Extraverted Feeling - (Fe) - CONSIDERING OTHERS

Considering others and responding to them

  • Who can I connect with, or relate to in order to learn better?
  • Who can I help with this learning?
  • How can I use this to improve my relationships?

Introverted Feeling - (Fi) - EVALUATING IMPORTANCE

Evaluating importance and maintaining congruence

  • What is really important here?
  • What is of value to me, and what do I want out of this?
  • Who is good to learn from?

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